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Diseases and Conditions

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Amelogenesis imperfecta


Definition Alternative Names Symptoms Signs and tests Treatment Expectations (prognosis) Complications Calling your health care provider Prevention References

Definition

Amelogenesis imperfecta is a tooth development disorder in which the teeth are covered with thin, abnormally formed enamel.

Alternative Names

Amelogenesis imperfecta is passed down through families as a dominant trait. That means you only need to get the abnormal gene from one parent in order for you to get the disease.

Symptoms

The enamel of the tooth is soft and thin. The teeth appear yellow and are easily damaged. Both baby teeth and permanent teeth are affected.

See also: Abnormal tooth color

Signs and tests

A dentist can identify and diagnose the condition.

Treatment

The treatment depends on the severity of the problem. Full crowns will improve the appearance of the teeth and protect them from damage.

Expectations (prognosis)

Treatment is often successful in protecting the teeth.

Complications

The enamel is easily fractured and damaged, which affects the appearance of the teeth, especially if left untreated.

Calling your health care provider

Call your dentist if you have symptoms of this condition.

Prevention

 Tooth anatomy Tooth anatomy

References


Review Date: 2/22/2012
Reviewed By: Paul Fotek, DMD, Florida Institute for Periodontics & Dental lmplants, West Palm Beach, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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